Air Pollution, Noise: Studies Show Impact of Aircrafts on Human Health

Scientific Studies from the World Health Organization, Europe and US Show Clear Picture December 8, 2013 img300_main_health_studies TORONTO - Air pollution and noise is generated from all kinds of traffic. However, allowing jets would mean an increase in air pollution in a highly populated residential area in Toronto due to the fact that jets use more fuel and more people travelling to the airport using cars. People perceive noise generated from jets differently than noise generated by other sources (see studies). Key points:
  • Increase in cardio-vascular disease
  • Increase in probability to develop cancer
  • Decrease in children's reading comprehension and recognition memory
WHO (World Health Organization & IARC) study, 2013: IARC groundbreaking announcement: Outdoor air pollution is being classified as carcinogenic to humans. The IARC reviewed more than 1,000 scientific studies from five continents and found that there were more than 220,000 lung cancer deaths worldwide connected to air pollution. Additionally, a link with slightly higher risk of bladder cancer was noted. Urban outdoor air pollution is estimated to cause 1.3 million deaths worldwide. CONCLUSION: Exposure to air pollutants is largely beyond the control of individuals and requires action by public authorities at the national, regional and even international levels. Santa Monica Airport Health Impact Assessment (HIA) 2010: A health-directed summary of the issues facing the community near the Santa Monica Airport performed by a group of physicians. They found increased levels of noise and air pollution due to increased number of jets flying in and out of the airport. HYENA study (Hypertension and Exposure to Noise near Airports): A four year Key action 4 Environment and Health study (1 December 2002 - 30 November 2006). The cross-sectional study was performed in Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK on 6,000 study subjects. CONCLUSION: Exposure to long-term noise leads to an increased risk for high blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases. MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY study, 1999: This German study covered 326 children aged 9 to 13 and examine the effects of airport noise on reading, memory, attention and speech perception in children. Children living near the old and new airport in Munich were studied before and after the move. CONCLUSION: A significant decrease of total quality of life and environmental stressors among children and reports of impaired psychological health occur after noise exposure. RANCH (Road Traffic & Aircraft Noise & Children's Cognition & Health) study: The RANCH study looked at the effect of noise on children’s health (aged 9-10 years). It was the largest cross-sectional study performed on children living near the airport in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Madrid, Spain and London, UK. CONCLUSION: High levels of chronic aircraft noise exposure impairs children's reading comprehension and recognition memory. ISPM (Institut für Sozial- und Präventivmedizin) study, 2010: 4.6 million people from the Swiss National Cohort older than 30 years were followed from 2000 through December 2005 and the influence of aircraft noise, air Pollution, and mortality from myocardial infarction analyzed. CONCLUSION: More deaths from cardio-vascular diseases with increasing level and duration of aircraft noise.  

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